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Types

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Type I
In Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, patients depend on insulin. There is usually sudden onset and occur in the younger age group and there is an inability of pancreas to produce adequate amount of insulin. This may be caused by virus or due to autoimmunity. The child is usually underweight. Juvenile diabetes occurs in children and young adults.
Type II
Non - Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (adult onset diabetes), is a non insulin dependent form and develops slowly and is usually milder and more stable. Insulin may be produced by pancreas but action is impaired. This form occurs mainly in adults and the person is usually overweight. Majority of patients improve with weight loss and are maintained on diet therapy.
Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes (or gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM) is a condition in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibit high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. It occurs only during pregnancy. Although, gestational diabetes goes away after the baby is born, women who have had it, are at higher risk for Type II diabetes, later on.
Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of problems typically such as being large for gestational age (which may lead to delivery complications), low blood sugar, and jaundice. Gestational diabetes is a treatable condition and women who have adequate control of glucose levels can effectively decrease these risks.
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